Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

The Northern Rough-winged Swallow is a small bird, mostly brown color in the upper parts and grey to white on the underparts. They are frequently seen, both flying and perched in lowlands in Costa Rica; they like to perch in utility wires. They are able to catch insects in mid air, during acrobatic performances. The Southern Rough-winged Swallow is very similar, however this species lacks the orange throat of the Southern.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)

The Southern Rough-winged Swallow is a small bird, mostly brown color in the upper parts and grey to white on the underparts; it shows a light orange patch on the throat. They are frequently seen, both flying and perched in lowlands in Costa Rica. They are able to catch insects in mid air, during acrobatic performances. The Northern Rough-winged Swallow is very similar, however that species lacks the orange throat of the Southern.

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

The Red-winged Blackbird is the most common on the plains of Guanacaste and Alajuela, to the northern part of Costa Rica; it is also found on the Caribbean lowlands, in Rio Frio. Their song is unmistakable and has a metallic quality. Males display a red-orange patch on the shoulder, which contrasts nicely with an otherwise black body. They perch on grass in open plains and even on electricity wires to deliver their song.

White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)

The White-winged Dove has pretty much colonized Costa Rican cities; every few meters you can hear an individual with its characteristic “Who-cooks-for-you” call. I have seen them perched in utility wires, as well as in any kind of tree. It is also interesting that as they sing, they display by raising their wings and then returning to the normal position. This is the only dove that I know makes a display together with its call. It is very similar to the White-tipped Dove in terms of size and body shape, however the White-tipped does not have white feathers on the wings, has lighter underparts and its tail feathers display white tips, from which it gets its name. The iris is red, with blue orbital skin that contrast very nicely with the dull feather pattern.